India is set to launch the world’s largest lithium-ion battery for its new supercomputer, an ambitious project that will cost about $3 billion and take five years to complete.
The Rs 5,000-crore project, which is expected to cost about Rs 5.5 lakh crore, will enable India to harness the power of the world-renowned supercomputer on a much smaller scale than its current 10 petaflops computer, the country’s leading scientific institute, the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, said in a statement on Wednesday.
The project is part of the Indian government’s efforts to diversify its economy away from the countrys dependence on fossil fuels and towards renewables.
A new generation of batteries will be made of high-strength steel that can withstand the stresses of the supercomputer’s high-speed processing and will be able to withstand the pressures of the cooling system that runs on the machine.
In a press release, the institute said it will start building the batteries in a state-of-the-art facility, which will be run by Tata.
India’s current battery system consists of a single battery, which provides power to a number of nodes in a grid, but has to be constantly recharged and recharged again.
For the supercomputing centre, Tata plans to combine a lithium-sulfur battery with a single lithium-air battery, making the two batteries able to power both the super computer and a cluster of other nodes, it said.
The batteries will come from the worlds largest battery maker, Samsung Electronics.
Unlike the current generation of supercomputers, which are built in the United States, China and elsewhere, the super computers at the Tata lab will be operated from India, according to the institute.
The project is being led by Professor Ramakrishnan, director of Tata Institute for Fundamental Research.
The supercomputer will be a combination of the latest cutting-edge research in quantum computing, quantum physics and supercomputed tomography, which uses light to simulate the behaviour of atoms and molecules, the government said in its statement.
It will be the largest supercomputer ever built.
India plans to use the superputers to solve a wide range of problems, including the search for extraterrestrial life and finding signs of intelligent life in the universe.
The Indian government plans to have a supercomputer with more than 100 petafloops of processing power by 2025, according a government report.
It said the country plans to start using the super computations by 2023.